Morphological characteristics and feeding requirements of Portuguese water dogs

Portuguese water dog, originally born on the coast of Portugal, has also sailed near Iceland with fishermen. It is a breed raised by fishermen in Algarve, Portugal. It is an excellent swimmer and diver with special talent and perseverance. Its English name is Portuguese water dog, also known as calde Agua dog.


Portuguese water dogs are excellent swimmers and divers with special talents and perseverance. They help their owners find lost fishing gear in the sea, drive away fish, and send messages between small boats or between small boats and land. He is a loyal companion and vigilant guard. This smart and practical variety has two types of coat, curly or wavy, and its fairly wide and well proportioned head is impressive; A rough, tightly jointed body; The tail root is strong and thick. The tail is beautifully held and used as a rudder. Strength, enthusiasm and stability are the indelible impression left by the Portuguese water dog.
morphological character
shape
The male shoulder height is about 20-23 inches, and the ideal shoulder height is 22 inches; The female shoulder height is about 17-21 inches, and the ideal shoulder height is 19 inches. Weight: male, about 42-60 pounds; Females weigh about 35-50 pounds. Scale: rectangular, body length (from the front chest to the last point of the hip) is slightly larger than the height (shoulder height). Physique: strong, strong bones, very developed, neither fine nor rough, strong structure, muscular body.
Head features
The head has remarkable characteristics: it is particularly large, well proportioned and the top of the head is particularly wide. Expression: firm, sharp and focused. Eyes: medium size, open, slightly inclined. Round, neither protruding nor concave. Black or different shades of brown, the darker the color, the better. The eye sockets of dogs with sufficient pigment, black, black and white or white, are black; Brown dogs have brown eyes. The blink membrane is dark and not exposed. Ears: located above the eyes, the auricles are heart-shaped and thin. Except that the back is slightly open, other parts are close to the head. The ears cannot extend to the jaw. Head: from the outline, it is slightly longer than the muzzle, and the rear half is more curved than the front half. When viewed from the front, the head is very wide and hemispherical, slightly concave in the middle. The forehead is prominent with wrinkles in the middle, extending from the stop to the occipital bone, with a length of about 2 / 3. The posterior occipital bone is very clear. Stop: very clear. Tone: firm, with the root wider than the end of the nose. Jaw: strong, without upper or lower jaw protrusion. Nose: wide, wide nostrils. For dogs with sufficient pigment, black, black and white or white, the nose is black; The nose of a brown dog is brown in different colors. Lips: thick, especially in the front, without floating lips. Color of lips and oral mucosa, such as upper jaw, sublingual, gum and other places: black, black-and-white or white dogs are completely black or mostly black; Brown dogs have different shades of brown. Bite: scissor bite or forceps bite. Teeth: when the lips are closed, the teeth are invisible. Solid canine teeth
Neck trunk features
Neck: straight, short, round, and high. No fat. Back line: horizontal and firm. Body: the chest is wide and deep, extending to the elbows. The ribs are long and well dilated, providing sufficient capacity for the lungs. Lift the abdomen up to form a beautiful curve. Back: wide, muscular, with a short and smooth waist joining the hips. The hips are firm and slightly inclined, and the hip bones are almost invisible. Tail: continuous tail. The tail root is thick and the tip is thin. The position is slightly lower than the topline and cannot extend to the hock. When the dog is very focused, the tail will roll up in a ring, but it can not extend to the waist. The tail plays an important role in swimming and diving.
forequarters
The shoulders are moderately inclined and well muscled. Strong forearms. The forelimbs are strong, straight and long, and the forearm muscles are very developed. The carpal bone has sufficient bone mass, and the front is wider than the side. The bones are long and strong. Wolf claws can be removed. Feet: round and rather flat. The toes are neither articularly arched nor too long. Webbed between the toes is a layer of soft skin covered with hair that extends to the toenails. The central foot pad is very thick, while the other foot pads are normal. Nails slightly upward, off the ground. Black, white, brown or striped toenails are acceptable.
Hindquarters
Powerful; Proportional to the forequarters. Legs: Viewed from the back, parallel and straight to each other, and thigh muscles are very developed. Hip: developed. Ankles and hocks are strong, metatarsals are long, and there are no wolf claws. The requirements of the feet are the same as those of the forequarters.
Coat
The body is evenly covered with rich, dense, strong and healthy hair, except that the hair at the junction of forearm and chest and groin is thinner. No bottom hair, mane or bib. The coat has two changes. Curly hair: the hair is tight, columnar curly, slightly dull, and the hair on the ears is sometimes wavy. Wavy: the hair is downward wavy, without curl and slightly shiny. The two kinds of coat are treated equally.
character
Brave, tenacious, brave and resistant to fatigue. He is very clever and a loyal companion. Be willing to obey your master. He is obedient to the people he takes care of and serves. Able to work in water or on land all day. Portuguese water dog is a brave, obedient, energetic and non exaggerated dog with practical structure; Reliable, adequate bone mass, muscular, able to work in water or on land all day. Brave, stubborn, brave and resistant to fatigue. He is very clever and a loyal companion. Be willing to obey your master. He is obedient to the people he takes care of and serves.
Feeding requirements
The Portuguese water dog is very clever and a loyal companion. Be willing to obey your master. He is obedient to the people he takes care of and serves. In terms of daily feeding, we should pay attention to the supplement of calcium to dogs.
Some people think that feeding a dog with the best meat can make him grow strong. In fact, feeding dogs in this way not only costs a lot, but also makes most dogs diarrhea, indigestion and difficult to absorb. In order to obtain energy, puppies need to decompose the protein of meat; In fact, these can be obtained from carbohydrates. In addition, meat is also lack of vitamins A, D and E.
Under normal circumstances, there must be something wrong with the formation of bones for puppies who are fed too much meat or only meat (especially from 3 months old to 12 months old), because the proportion of calcium and phosphorus in meat is out of balance. In other words, there is less calcium and more phosphorus. In addition, only feeding meat will also cause poor nutrition and chondrosis.
Whether our dog is purebred or not, we need to feed some calcium powder from the puppies. Calcium powder has the same effect as calcium tablets. It is very important for the growth of dog bones. Without calcium, teeth and bones are abnormal. Especially dogs with a large proportion of bones, such as boxer dogs, Lovina dogs, St. Bernard dogs, Great Danes, Rhodesian back dogs, etc., need calcium in their infancy. Therefore, when we feed dogs every day, we must add an appropriate amount of calcium powder to our food. Dogs eat calcium powder more easily.
Usually growing puppies need one teaspoon of calcium powder per day for every 2.2 kilograms (about 5 pounds). In other words, if the dog gains weight, the amount of calcium powder should also increase proportionally. After the puppy grows to 1 year old, it enters the growth period; Since then, every 4.5 kilograms (about 10 pounds) needs a teaspoon of calcium powder every day. Relatively speaking, the amount has been reduced by half, because after the development period, the growth of bones and teeth is gradually stable, and there is no need for so much calcium powder. In addition, it should be noted that dogs must have proper exercise every day in order to absorb calcium powder; Otherwise, feeding too much calcium powder will be harmful.
Taboo Food
1. Dry foods made of salt, such as salted fish, dried fish and shrimp, bacon, ham and bacon, cannot be fed to dogs.
2. Food with too much mustard and pepper will cause the dog’s mouth. Gastrointestinal ulceration, can not feed dogs.
3. Onions are absolutely not food for dogs. Onions are highly toxic to dogs’ blood. Eating too much can cause acute anemia and even endanger lives. Western food is often served with onions. Some hamburgers contain onions. Although the amount is small, it will also have a great impact on small dogs.
4. The bones of chickens, ducks, geese and other birds are small and hard. It can’t be easily chewed by dog teeth like pig and cow bones, especially dogs can’t chew at all. If the dog swallows these bones, it will sometimes pierce the throat or stomach, resulting in the loss of life. Therefore, when feeding dogs, chickens, ducks and geese, we must remove the bones.
5. Refrigerated milk, ice cream and other dairy products can not be eaten by dogs, especially for immature puppies. Usually, a few mouthfuls of cold milk will cause diarrhea in puppies. For a long time, it will form habitual diarrhea, resulting in weakness and hindering the development and growth of puppies. In fact, even heated milk and other dairy products can only be fed to dogs in small amounts, and the dog’s intestines and stomach are not suitable for this kind of food.
Hair care
Combing includes combing, brushing and trimming. This can not only brush the depilation down, but also stimulate the blood circulation of the skin, increase the secretion of sebaceous glands, and make the hair clean and bright.
The method is: comb and brush from head to tail, from top to bottom, from neck to shoulder, and then brush the limbs and tail according to the order of hair arrangement and growth. After brushing one side, brush the other side. When brushing, brush off the surface dirt along the hair direction, and then rub back and forth with a root brush to open the hair layer and remove the dirt. Pay attention to comb briskly, do not use too much force, and make the dog feel comfortable without pain after brushing. Brush and wipe one after another, throughout the body, without omission. When feeding the dog, do not comb and brush at home. The disordered hair from the comb and brush should be removed in time. It can be buried or burned, but it will not affect the health due to the wind. The comb and brush work shall be kept clean and disinfected regularly. The dog may not listen to the command at the beginning. It should be comforted while brushing. After brushing several times, it gets used to it.
Trimming: two trimming methods are acceptable. Lion type: once the hair grows to a certain length, trim the hair in the middle of the body, hindquarters and muzzle, and keep the hair at the end of the tail intact.

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