Historical origin and breed standard of East African Hound

East African hound, alias: Arabian hound, antelope, gazelle hound, saruki, saruki, English Name: Saluki. The strength of the East African hound can enable it to kill an antelope. Its temperament is noble, polite, deep and confident. It looks at the distance when walking.


Hound information
Origin: Egypt
Height: 58 cm to 71 cm / mother slightly smaller
Weight: 20 kg to 25 kg
History: it is said to be the oldest dog breed raised by the royal family of ancient Egypt. It hunts foxes from beizhou to West Asia together with nomads.
Features: it runs fast, can run in the wilderness, and has excellent durability. In appearance, the dog has slender limbs, which makes the body elegant and has sharp eyesight.
Personality: gentle and obedient.
Hair color and quality: it is a soft silky coat, with decorative hair at the front of limbs, ears and tail. The hair on the body is not long, and the hair colors include white, light yellowish brown, cream, blue, three colors, etc.
Note: it is said that its body shape has not changed greatly from that in ancient times.
classification
Animal kingdom: Animal Kingdom
Phylum: chordate
Subfamily: vertebrate subfamily
Class: mammalia
Subclass: subclass mammals
Order: Carnivora
Family: Canidae
Genus: canis
Species: Hound
Species profile
The East African hound, elegant and symmetrical, has fast speed and excellent endurance. It is full of strength and activity. It can kill gazelles or other prey in the depths of the desert or the Rocky Mountains. The expression is dignified and elegant, with a pair of deep, loyal and distant eyes. The average shoulder height of the male is about 23 ~ 28 inches, and the female is slightly smaller. This is a typical East African hound.
morphological character
The head of the East African Hound is long and narrow, the head is slightly wide between the ears, there is no arch, the stop is not obvious, and the overall quality is very good. The nose is black or liver. Ears are long, covered with long silky hair, hanging on both sides of the head and flexible. Eyes: dark black or hazel, bright; Large and oval; Not prominent. Teeth: strong and flat.
Historical origin
The East African hound, also known as saki, is a noble dog in ancient Egypt. Saki has long been found in the records of human civilization. Saki’s sculpture was found in the tombs of ancient Egypt in 2100 BC. In ancient Europe, the dogs in many paintings were very similar to sariki. They had a streamlined physique and long drooping ears. Its strength makes it easy to kill an antelope, so it has another name – gazelle hound.
In Islamic culture, dogs are unclean animals, but Saluki dogs are given special treatment and allowed to live in the homes of Islamic immigrants. When Arabs hunt, trained falcons swoop on their prey to stop them from moving forward. Saluki dogs on the ground run to catch the prey and drag it to the hunter. Saluki dogs used to sit on camels when hunting in order to protect their claws from being scalded by the exposed desert. Now they go hunting by car.
Variety standard
Neck: long, supple and muscular.
Chest: deep and slightly narrow.
Forequarters: shoulder blades tilted back, muscular but not rough. Forelegs: straight and long (from elbow to wrist).
Hindquarters: strong, hip bones open, knee joints moderately inclined. Hock position low. Shows the ability to run and jump at high speed.
Waist and back: the back is quite wide, muscular and slightly arched.
Paws: medium length, long arched toes, not open, but not cat feet at the same time; The whole is very strong and supple, with feather between the toes.
Tail: long, low position, drooping in a natural curve. There are long, silky and feathered feathers under the tail, which are not very dense.
Coat: smooth and soft silky hair, slightly feathered on the legs, feathered on the back of the thighs, and slightly woolly feathered on the shoulders and thighs.
Color: white, cheese, camel, gold, red, gray, brown, three colors (black, white, brown), black and brown.
Short haired variety: other parts of this variety are consistent with those described above. Except for the coat, there is no trimming.
Temperament: sago is smart, loyal, steady and obedient. It has aristocratic style and is a precious breed. However, due to his origin as a hunting dog and strong hunting desire, he should be strictly trained. In addition, family feeding must provide them with enough activity space and ensure enough exercise every day.
Daily maintenance
Basic beauty
Hair standard: the hair is smooth and soft as silk. There are some fine hairs behind the front and rear legs. Sometimes there are fine wool like hairs on the thighs and shoulders.
Breed note: saki hound appeared in the Middle East a few centuries ago. It is a favorite Hound of Egyptian nobles and desert tribes. It is good at chasing braided sheep. In the early 20th century, saki hound and Afghan Hound were introduced to Europe and America, but they were never loved by the public. Some people appreciate it because of its beauty, dignity and personality.
Cosmetic methods
The Sabi Retriever is a short haired breed. It doesn’t need additional modification. It can be dressed according to the basic principles of beauty. Using a natural sideburns brush to comb and remove the metabolized hair every day will make its hair look more smooth and shiny. Do not trim the hair by cutting, pulling and scraping, and try to make it take part in the beauty contest with the most natural appearance as far as possible.
A way to keep the road quiet
In fact, barking is a dog’s nature, but some dogs are more nagging than other dogs. If you have a dog who can never be quiet, you might as well try the following methods:
1. Exercise more: enough exercise can consume the dog’s energy. After playing or running all day, the dog would rather have a good sleep than waste energy barking.
2. Bone biting: if there is something that can block the dog’s mouth, they will have no time to bark. The more difficult it is to bite, the more challenging it is. So next time when you are ready to go out, throw it to their favorite toy to kill their boring time.
3. Use your brain: if dogs have something to do, they don’t have time to bark. Before going out, rub their favorite toys with their hands to keep their taste on top. When the owner cannot be seen, the lonely dog will spend more time looking for the owner’s taste on the toy and forget the dog’s bark.
4. Make some noise: for those neurotic dogs, they will keep barking as soon as they hear anything. If you can’t completely get rid of the noise of the environment, you might as well make some noise as interference. For example, when the postman passes by, he turns on the noisy vacuum cleaner to confuse the dog’s hearing.
5. Respond to it: sometimes the dog barks constantly just to convey a certain message to the owner. If the owner responds appropriately and expresses appreciation, the dog will naturally shut up after the task is completed!
6. Reward it: if the dog just refuses to shut up, the owner should immediately scold it in a firm tone: “quiet!” when the dog stops barking, the director may wish to give some snacks or praise as encouragement. The purpose of this is to let the dog know that obedience and keeping quiet can get the favor and reward of the owner.
7. Ignore it: some dogs, like humans, can’t keep making long speeches without an audience. If they keep talking, the owner might as well turn around and leave, and most dogs will shut up. In order to enhance their learning effect, the professor suggested that the owner can take a small bell with him. Whenever the dog barks continuously, shake the bell first to make sure that they leave the room after they hear the sound of the bell. After several lessons, the next time a dog barks wildly, as long as he hears the bell, he knows he should shut up. Similarly, when they stop barking, the owner can give them some praise or reward.
8. Quench their enthusiasm: spraying water with a water gun can also stop dogs from barking. When they keep barking, the owner should give them verbal admonition first. If they still don’t listen to the warning, you might as well spray water with a water gun to calm them down.
Don’t let the subgrade lack water in summer
It’s hot in summer. In this sweaty season, pets will lose a lot of water. Therefore, owners must pay attention not to let them lack water. In summer, cats and dogs need to replenish water frequently. Cat owners and dogs mainly pay attention to the clean and sufficient water in the pet’s food basin. Some owners will feed their pets tea, fruit juice, beer, milk and other drinks, but it’s best to let them drink water. Tea and fruit juice are neither extra nor particularly harmful to them. It is OK to give them a small amount, but milk will cause skin problems to dogs and they are not suitable for drinking; As for beer, it will also have adverse effects on cats and dogs, especially young cats and dogs and small dogs. Their intestines and stomach can not afford the alcohol content in beer. The best drink for cats and dogs is clear water. Sometimes it’s OK for the owner to adjust some other drinks, but remember not to overdo it.
Conduct training
Indoor dogs are particularly fond of activities. Sometimes they want to run out as soon as they open the door. At this time, they should give instructions of “waiting” or “stepping back” in time to stop them. Then take it out slowly. When you go home, you should first issue the command of “waiting for leave” at the door, and then give the command of “OK” to let it enter the house. Dogs who are afraid to go out should be encouraged, and some indoor dogs will also be afraid to leave the station. This kind of dog starts to use some force to pull it out of the door, linger around the house, and gently give encouragement in the mouth to make it no longer timid. Don’t forget that the more auditory and olfactory dogs are, the more likely they are to have fear.

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