The Dutch lion dog has a cheerful temperament, is particularly easy to get close to people, has a very good memory, is good at observing things, and is an excellent guard dog. The size is relatively large, but it doesn’t occupy a place. This kind of ancestral dog used to curl up into a circle in order not to occupy a place. The Dutch poodle is very loyal to its owner and brings endless joy to the breeder. Although the Dutch poodle (also translated as “case dog”) has been one of the favorite dogs of the Dutch people for hundreds of years, it did not attract widespread attention until the second half of the 18th century due to the reversal of Dutch domestic politics. The Dutch poodle has never been used as a hunting dog. With its character and charm, the Dutch poodle has won a high position in the emotion of a nation.
Although the Dutch poodle (also translated as “case dog”) has been one of the favorite dogs of the Dutch people for hundreds of years, it did not attract widespread attention until the second half of the 18th century due to the reversal of Dutch domestic politics. The Dutch poodle has never been used as a hunting dog, nor has it been used for any special work like other breeds of dogs. With its character and charm, the Dutch lion dog has won a high position in the emotion of a nation.
The Dutch poodle as the Dutch national dog is related to the unrest of Dutch society. This instability, like a fire on the grassland, spread all over the world in the years before the French Revolution. Holland is divided into two camps, orange princes, aristocrats and patriots.
In the second half of the 18th century, the close relationship between the case dog and the Patriots almost witnessed the rise and fall of the case dog. This has affected the popularity of the case dog to a considerable extent.
The low tide of keeping Dutch poodles lasted until 1920. At this time, the southern Baroness became interested in this ancient breed, so she began a survey to see how many dogs remained in this ancient breed. The survey results are very surprising. Although this kind of dog no longer attracts public attention, they still maintain the original style. The people who raise Dutch lion dogs include canal captains, farmers, truck drivers, etc. they have many excellent Dutch lion dogs.
In 1925, the Dutch poodle appeared in Britain and gave a very good impression. In 1930, the Dutch lion dog was recognized and registered by the American dog club. With few exceptions, the early development of the Dutch poodle in the United States mainly depended on imports from the United Kingdom, while the British Dutch poodle was introduced from the Netherlands and Germany.
The ears are small, triangular, high on the head and erect. The muzzle is of medium length, neither rough nor sharp. In perfect proportion to the head. The lips are black, closely combined, not too thick, rough or drooping, and there are no wrinkles at the corners of the mouth. The forelimbs appear straight, with strong bones and a slight inclination. The feet are compact and round, similar to cat feet. The tail is of moderate length, with a large number of feathering, high in position and tightly rolled on the back.
The Dutch poodle is neither timid nor aggressive. But very outgoing, very friendly to people and other dogs. The Dutch poodle is also a lively, intelligent, vigilant and beloved companion dog. The Dutch lion dog has a cheerful temperament, is particularly easy to get close to people, has a very good memory, is good at observing things, and is an excellent guard dog.
Hair color characteristics
The body is covered with rich, long, straight, thick and hard hair, and the coat stands on the body through the thick, hairy bottom hair.
Advantages and disadvantages evaluation
It’s large, but it doesn’t occupy a place. When taking a boat and other means of transportation, it’s customary to curl up into a circle in order not to occupy a place.
The Dutch poodle is not a hunting dog. It has always been raised as a companion dog. It is easy to raise and suitable for urban life. Occasionally, some Dutch Poodles have hereditary heart disease, epilepsy, weakness of femoral joint and other diseases. The Dutch poodle has a rich coat, and there are dense fluff under the long coat. Although it is not long curly hair, it should be carefully combed during the hair changing period.
Carding dog hair
Comb once in the morning and evening for 5 minutes each time.
Pay attention to the order of combing: from the neck, from front to back, from top to bottom, that is, from the neck to the shoulder, then back, chest, waist, abdomen and hindquarters, then comb the hair, and finally the limbs and tail. In the process of combing, comb one side and then the other side.
Carding technique: carding should be quickly combed and pulled along the hair direction. Many people comb only the long hair on the surface and ignore the fine hair on the bottom. The bottom hair of a dog is soft and dense. If it is not combed for a long time, it will form tangles, and even cause eczema, tinea or other skin diseases. Therefore, when combing the long haired dog, comb it layer by layer, turn up the long hair, and then comb the bottom hair.
Types of combs: hair brush, elastic steel wire brush and long and sparse metal comb. The brush can only fluffy the end of the long hair, but the fine hair can’t be combed. When combing long haired dogs, hair brushes, elastic steel wire brushes and long and sparse metal combs should be used together.
Reproduction and breeding
The purpose of breed selection is to select good breed dogs for mating and breeding, consolidate and develop the excellent quality of dogs in their offspring, and gradually eliminate the undesirable shortcomings in their offspring.
When male and female dogs of the same breed with the same good traits mate and breed, they can not only ensure the purity of their offspring, but also consolidate and develop the good qualities of their parents in their offspring. This mating and breeding is called purebred breeding. When a male dog of a good breed is mated with a female dog of another breed, because they have different good traits, they can obtain offspring with different good qualities of their parents. This reproduction is called inter breed hybridization. Two different males and females are used to mate to cultivate new breeds or offspring with new traits. This kind of breeding is called hybrid hybridization. For example, if the male wolf is used to cross with an excellent female dog, a new breed of dog that is fierce to the enemy and gentle to the master can be cultivated.
The best age for breeding dogs to start mating for the first time
Animals have a specific time of sexual maturity. The specific time of sexual maturity is not the best age to produce offspring, and so is dogs. Taking medium-sized dogs as an example, they begin to sexually mature at the age of 7 ~ 8 months after birth. At this time, although both male and female dogs have the ability to bear offspring, their physical development is not perfect, and the offspring will not be very good at this time. For black backed, Langqing, Lingti and Kunming dogs, the best dog age for their first breeding offspring: the female dog should start from 18 months or 20 months after birth. At this time, their body is well developed and has the ability to feed suckling dogs. Therefore, the female dog should be bred during the third estrus; The development and finalization of male dogs is later than that of female dogs. Therefore, the best dog age for the first mating should start at the age of two. The breeding age of male dogs can be extended from two years old to seven or eight years old. In order to obtain excellent offspring of improved breeds, we must also strengthen the nutrition of breeding male and female dogs before breeding, pay attention to their proper training and exercise, not only maintain their physical health, but also maintain their enthusiasm for work.
Estrus and estrus
Sexually mature dogs oestrus twice a year. The spring oestrus period is from March to may, and the autumn oestrus period is from September to November. The interval between two oestrus is about 6 months. As for the female dog, the estrus of the female dog is marked by the vaginal bleeding of the female dog: the vaginal bleeding generally lasts about 21 days, but the vaginal bleeding of the old female dog during estrus may be a little shorter than one or two days:
Main characteristics of estrus of bitch:
1. The labia of estrous bitch is swollen, hypertrophic, protruding, pink in the initial stage, obviously congested, and a small amount of mucus flows out of the bitch’s vagina with blood. With the continuation of oestrus, the amount of blood flowing out increases day by day, and the color of blood changes from pink to crimson: on the 8th day of oestrus, the amount of blood is the most, the thickest and the deepest. After the 9th day, the blood volume decreased and the concentration decreased. At this time, the labia also gradually turned dark red. At this time, the labia swelling gradually disappeared and wrinkles began to appear. The estrous bitch entered the ovulation period. The ovulation period lasts about 5-6 days. At this time, the estrous bitch is willing to accept the male dog’s climbing. With the extension of the ovulation period, the courtship performance of the estrous bitch is blazing day by day. Until the 16th day of the estrous period, the bitch begins to hate the entanglement of the male dog. At this time, there is still blood flowing out of the vagina of the estrous bitch. On the 21st day, the vaginal bleeding stops, the labia swelling subsides, and the estrus of the bitch ends.
2. The female dog’s expression is excited during estrus. As the estrous period continues, the bitch’s excitement increases, her expression is more in a trance than usual, her bark is thick, and her eyes are bright. During the hot period of estrus, the female dog is restless and her appetite decreases sharply. The captive female dog keeps barking in the air. At this time, if the dog keeper presses the female dog’s waist or touches the dog’s tail with his hand, the female dog will stand still or lean the dog’s tail to one side, the dog’s labia will continue to twitch, and the vulva will open and close frequently. At this time, if the sexually mature male dog is used for estrus test, the hind legs of the estrous female dog will be forked, Active acceptance mating occurs. Dog breeders must closely observe the above changes and expressions of the estrous bitch during the dog’s estrus period, and must remember the day when the estrus of the bitch begins (the first day of vaginal bleeding of the bitch), so as to calculate the best mating day of the bitch: only breeding on the best mating day can improve the conception rate and litter size of the bitch.
Best breeding day and breeding
According to the observation and research and the practice of raising dogs, it is proved that the estrus period of female dogs with normal development is 21 days, and the 10th to 13th days of female dog estrus is the best breeding day, and the breeding female dogs are most likely to conceive. Therefore, the first mating is generally carried out on the 10th day of estrus, and then mating once a day for four consecutive times. The last mating is the 13th day of estrus; Or first mating on the 10th day of estrus, then mating once every other day, and mating twice on the best mating day. In terms of the changes of the external genitalia of the estrous bitch, by the best mating day on the 10th day, the swollen labia of the estrous bitch has obviously subsided, the color is dark red, and wrinkles appear around the labia. When the dog keeper touches and stimulates the labia of the estrous bitch with his fingers, the labia nerve of the dog is very sensitive, there will be rhythmic contraction, and the bitch will instinctively fork her hind legs, Receptive mating occurs. In terms of the physiological condition of estrous female dogs at this time, when the female dog receives male dog mating and the uterus is stimulated by sperm, ovulation begins 12 ~ 14 hours and lasts 12 ~ 48 hours. The sperm injected into the female dog by the male dog survives in the female dog’s uterus for about 48 hours. At this time, when encountering the female dog’s egg, it will be combined with “sitting fetus”. The best conception effect can be obtained by continuous mating or mating every other day during ovulation on the 10th ~ 13th day of estrus.
Feeding and management of pregnant dogs
The gestational period of female dogs ranged from 58 to 65 days, with an average of 62 days. Among them, the pregnancy period of large and medium-sized dogs is about 63 days, and that of small dogs such as pugs is about 60 days. In order to ensure the purity of the breed of offspring, the female is not allowed to approach other male breeds in the first few days after breeding, so as to avoid the impure offspring.
The bitch should be fed carefully during pregnancy. The feed nutrition should be rich and the quantity should be sufficient. She can eat freely. We must also feed some cartilage, green vegetables, cod liver oil, etc. Pregnant dogs should have appropriate activities. Female dogs in the first month of pregnancy can carry out professional subject training activities every day; From the second month of pregnancy, the pregnant dog stops training, is not allowed to jump, and is not allowed to participate in professional activities, but the owner takes it for a two-hour walk every day. Improper activities are harmful to pregnant dogs.