Characteristics and living habits of African imperial scorpion

The African imperial scorpion generally refers to the imperial scorpion (arthropod).
Emperor scorpion belongs to Arthropoda, Arachnida, Scorpionida. It is a very unique creature. It is about 8 inches long and is one of the largest scorpions in the world. Members of the genus monarch have many subspecies. The same genus of African monarch scorpion includes Tanzania red clawed monarch scorpion, Cameroon dictator monarch scorpion and Gambia monarch scorpion. This species was discovered in Ghana in 2006. Despite their huge size, they feed mainly on termites or other small invertebrates. Their venom is not very toxic to humans. Instead, a compound contained in the venom proved to be used to produce a drug for heart disease.


Shape features
The emperor scorpion is large, thick and round, with a semicircular claw, a very rough and uneven surface, and the poison needle at the tail is red.
The following describes the body structure of emperor scorpion, such as back, eyes, snout, foot, poison needle, side, claw, stomata, Chlamys, hair cluster and so on:
Scorpion’s back: it is composed of pieces of back armor. The flat back is conducive to hiding in the slit. The newborn Scorpion will climb to the back of the female scorpion.
Scorpion’s eyes: grow on the top, which is conducive to observing the movements of the four directions.
Scorpion’s snout: when eating, the two claws of the snout tear the prey to absorb its body fluid.
Scorpion feet: scorpion has four pairs of feet, which are located on the side of the scorpion, and there are claws at the front of the feet, which is conducive to climbing.
Side of scorpion: it is the only part of scorpion body without shell protection.
Scorpion’s Claw: used to capture prey and resist enemies. Its shape and size will vary according to different varieties. It will be used to find suitable objects to place sperm pods
Scorpion’s unique pectinate organ: it grows in the abdomen of scorpion.
Scorpion hair cluster: it is the organ used by scorpion to sense its surrounding environment.
Scorpion stomata: it is the respiratory organ of scorpion. Its arrangement, quantity and position are helpful to identify scorpion species.
Scorpion body length measurement: most choose to measure the length from kiss to anus.
Distribution range
Scorpions are widely distributed in almost all tropical regions, from African tropical rain forests to deserts.
Living habits
Growth and shelling characteristics
Because the metabolism of emperor scorpion is slow, its growth speed is relatively slow. Scorpion is an incomplete abnormal animal, and its growth must rely on shelling. After shelling each time, Scorpion will grow a lot. The adult of emperor scorpion is generally about 17 cm, and the adult can grow to more than 30 cm. Emperor scorpion is a rainforest species. The growth of emperor scorpion in rainforest species is slower than that in desert species. In terms of its shelling time, the time interval between the shelling of young scorpions is shorter. In contrast, adult scorpions will grow with their body size, and the shelling time will be longer. After shelling, the new shell will become hard and the time to resume eating will also be longer. In terms of shelling time, the time interval between each shelling of young scorpions is short. As the adult scorpion grows, the shelling time becomes longer and the time required to resume eating is also longer.
The scorpion shelling starts from the snout, and then draws out the claw and tail. In the process of pulling out the tail, the Scorpion will rest for a period of time and lie down after completion. At the moment, the scorpion’s body is quite fragile.
Shelling process of scorpion
(1) shelling starts from the snout
(2) gradually draw out the claw and tail
⑶ the Scorpion will lie down during the process of pulling out its tail
(4) after a period of time, the Scorpion will complete its lying state. At this moment, it must not be touched. At this moment, the scorpion’s body is very fragile and can’t move it to avoid injury (Note: fragile, no touching, no feeding, but water supply is needed).
The predation behavior is quite wide. It will hunt anything it eats. Generally, it is limited to the prey that can move smaller than the imperial scorpion. Occasionally, the imperial Scorpion will eat the bodies of larger insects. When feeding, the environment must maintain appropriate temperature and humidity, and the food residue must be cleaned up in time. In terms of temperature, it is generally 26 ~ 29 ℃, 21 ~ 24 ℃ at night and 60% humidity. In terms of bait, crickets, grasshoppers and bread worms can be fed. Other animals that are not arthropods must not be fed. High nutritional fat imperial scorpions are difficult to digest and will seriously lose their life. When food is insufficient, strong scorpions will kill weak scorpions to maintain the genes of the whole population.
Population status
Due to the destruction of a large number of habitats and illegal capture, the number of wild populations has been threatened, and the emperor scorpion has become one of the scorpions listed as cites II conservation category. The other two are pandinus dictato, the dictator of Cameroon, and pandinus gambiensis of Gambia; The provisions of the law do put an end to many illegal acts and protect the survival right of the emperor scorpion.

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