Characteristics and living habits of Amur Falcon

Amur Falcon generally refers to the red footed falcon.
Red footed Falcon (pronunciation: H ó ng Ji) ǎ o s ǔ n) For Falconiformes, Falconidae, Falcon animals, also known as green swallow, Green Eagle, red legged Harrier, grasshopper eagle, etc., are small raptors. It is a national second-class key protected animal. The model origin of the species is in Russia. It is the longest migratory bird of prey, with a one-way distance of 13000-16000 kilometers.


morphological character
The body length is 26-30cm and the weight is 124-190g. The body colors of male, female and young birds are different. The upper body of male birds is mostly SLATE black; The chin, throat, neck, side, chest and abdomen are light slate gray, and the chest has skid fine dark brown feather dry lines; Perianal, under tail covert and leg covert are brownish red. The upper body of the female is roughly slate gray, with dark brown feather dry lines, and the lower back and shoulder have dark brown transverse spots; The chin, throat and neck are milky white, the rest of the lower body is yellowish white or brownish white, with dark brown longitudinal lines on the chest, dot or sagittal spots in the middle of the abdomen, and black transverse spots on both sides of the abdomen and two flanks. The young bird is similar to the female bird, but the upper body is brown, with wide light tan end edges and significant dark brown transverse spots; The primary and flash flying feathers are dark brown, with brownish white margin, the lower body is brownish white, and the longitudinal lines on the chest and abdomen are obvious; Perianal, lower tail covert and leg covert feathers are light yellow. Iris dark brown; Mouth yellow, apex slate gray; The tarsus and toes are orange yellow, and the claws are pale white yellow.
Iris brown; Mouth gray, wax film orange red; Feet – orange red.
Call: a high pitched call ki ki ki; There was also a sharp keewi keewi sound.
Habitat
It mainly inhabits in open areas such as low mountain sparse forest, forest edge, mountain foot plain, swamp, grassland, river, valley and farmland in hilly areas, especially in plain, low mountain and hilly areas with sparse trees.
Living habits
During the day, you can move alone. When flying, you can quickly stir up your wings, and occasionally glide. You can also make a short stay in the air through the rapid agitation of your wings. It mainly feeds on insects such as locusts, grasshoppers, mole crickets, Lisi, beetles, crickets and kowtowing insects. Sometimes it also preys on small vertebrates such as small birds, lizards, Skinks, frogs and rats. Among them, pests account for more than 90% of their food and have made outstanding achievements in eliminating pests.
Distribution range
They are distributed in Angola, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Botswana, Burundi, China, Ethiopia, India, Kenya, North Korea, South Korea, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Lesotho, Malawi, Maldives, Mongolia, Mongolia, Mongolia, Mongolia, Nepal, Oman, Qun, Qatar, Russia, Rwanda, Somalia, South Africa, Eswatini, United Republic of Tanzania, Thailand, Vietnam, Yemen, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Migratory birds: Democratic Republic of the Congo, Hong Kong, Italy, Japan, Northern Mariana Islands, St. Helena, ascension and Tristan da Cunha, Saudi Arabia, Seychelles, Sri Lanka, Uganda, United Arab Emirates.
It is almost all over China, including summer migratory birds in Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei, Shandong, Shanxi, Inner Mongolia, Gansu, Ningxia, Shaanxi and Sichuan, migrant birds in Shanghai, Zhejiang and Guizhou, and winter migratory birds in Yunnan.
Breeding mode
Breed from May to July every year. The magpie’s nest is often forcibly occupied. In the book of songs of ancient China, there is a poem “the magpie has a nest and the dove lives there”. The “Dove” referred to in this phenomenon is the red footed falcon. Sometimes they also nest by themselves, usually on the top branches of tall trees in sparse forests. The nest is approximately spherical, with a top cover, two outlets on the side, with a diameter of 17 mm. Some nests are not spherical. The height of the nest from the ground is 6-20m, which is mainly composed of the dry branches of larch, oak, Robinia pseudoacacia and other trees. Each nest lays 4-5 eggs, but most of them are 4. Egg oval, white, densely covered with reddish brown spots, looks like reddish brown. The egg is oval, white and densely covered with reddish brown spots. The size of the egg is 37 × 30 mm, egg weight is 14-19 G. The hatching is carried out by parent birds in turn, and the hatching period is 22-23 days. The chicks are late mature. After hatching, they are jointly raised by their parents and leave the nest after about 27-30 days. In China, most of the time to move to the breeding ground in the north in spring is from late April to early May, and most of the time to leave the breeding ground in autumn is from late October to early November.

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