Historical origin and characteristics of Swiss Bourne Mountain Dog

Bernese mountain dog, English name Bernese mountain dog. It is a large dog with three colors and long legs. Firm and harmonious, smart, strong and flexible enough to do such work as dragging or driving livestock in mountainous areas, which is also the origin of this variety. The male dog is majestic and the female dog is gentle. Origin in Europe, it used to be the best helper for shepherds in history. Over time, it has become a popular appreciation dog. At the beginning, it was gradually developed in Bourne, Switzerland by pulling goods, making cheese and pulling carts in weaving shops.

Bernese mountain dog has long and short coat. The upper coat is thick and medium in texture, and the lower coat is short and soft. The coat color is black-and-white brown. The ears are of moderate size, the tail is of the same length, drooping, and cocked up when excited. The temperament of this dog is confident, vigilant and kind, not neurotic or shy. Bernese mountain dog will stand firmly in its place and remain indifferent to strangers. Very smart, and endurance, not aggressive, loyal and easy to tame, but also an excellent family dog.
Historical origin
More than 2000 years ago, the Roman army brought the ancestors of Bern mountain dogs to Switzerland. Later, they interbred with local shepherds in Switzerland and produced four breeds of mountain dogs. Bern mountain dog is one of them. Bourne mountain dog is a better working dog, which can be used as a livestock dog and transport dog. In the early days, it was used to pull goods in Bourne, Switzerland. In the mid-19th century, the number of Bernese mountain dogs began to decline. At the beginning of the 20th century, they were almost extinct. Only a small number of purebred dogs remained and bred with short haired St. Bernard dogs. In 1907, the Bernese Mountain Dog Club was established in Switzerland, and the dog continued to develop. Nowadays, Bourne mountain dog has been welcomed by more and more dog lovers.
In the 1930s, some people raised this kind of dog because of its large body and strong protection ability, which made its spleen unstable in some aspects, so the dog was prone to unexplained aggressive behavior. Bourne mountain dog is a better working dog, which can be used as a livestock dog and transport dog. It has the characteristics of easy training and is very successful in the exhibition. It may be a giant dog with fragile feelings, so it needs to be raised by an experienced owner.
morphological character
[body shape]
Height: 58 ~ 70cm
Weight: 40 ~ 44kg
The expression is smart, lively and elegant. The eyes are dark brown and slightly oval, and the eyelids are close to the eyeball.
The ears are medium in size, high in position and triangular. At rest, your ears hang over your head. When the Bourne mountain dog is alert, the ears turn forward, the roots of the ears bulge, and the highest part of the ears is flush with the top of the head. The top of the head is flat and wide, with slight wrinkles and clear outline. The tone is firm and straight. Nose black. A scissors bite.
The skull is flat, the eyebrows are obvious, the snout is strong, the nose is straight, and the eyes are almond shaped. Gu Gu is small, medium and triangular. The ears are flat at rest and lean forward when warning. The upper lip of the nose has no bite like teeth, and the upper teeth overlap in front of the lower teeth. The body is strong, the back is flat, the chest is wide and thick, the neck is thick: straight and strong, and the hind limbs are muscular. The toes are round and short, the toes are clenched, and the claws are white.
The thighs are wide, strong and muscular. The angle of the rear knee joint is appropriate, gradually and smoothly tapers downward, and is connected with the flying joint. Hocks as low as possible, viewed from the back, with rear ankles straight. The feet are compact.
The fur is dense, medium length, slightly shiny or neat. Show a bright, natural glow. The Bourne mountain dog is a tricolor. The basic color is dark black. The mottled color is rich rust and clear white.
Bourne mountain dog is an excellent and popular breed. It is one of the four Zhongshan dogs produced in Switzerland. At the beginning, it was gradually developed in Bourne, Switzerland by pulling goods, making cheese and pulling cars in weaving shops.
Character characteristics
Generally speaking, the adult Bourne mountain dog is a very gentle, polite and generous dog. They have the following advantages: strong, obedient, confident, not afraid of difficulties and never wild. Puppies sometimes appear very curious and lively, but they are never annoying. Many Bernese mountain dogs will become very quiet and ignore strangers, but they will be very excited about familiar people and often climb onto others’ knees. In addition, he is very gentle to children and other animals, making him a master in taking care of children and other animals. They have a strong sense of human nature, so they are also a perfect family dog. Bourne mountain is loyal to its owner and stands firmly in its place in the face of strangers. It remains calm. It is the best working dog.
The difference between Bourne mountain dogs and other breeds is that they have a strong desire to communicate with their owners. Although there are similar breeds in other breeds, almost every Bernese mountain dog has a strong sense of this aspect in the Bernese mountain dog breed. Therefore, Bourne mountain dog is regarded as a dog with unique style and high intelligence. The Bourne mountain dog must not live alone in a cage or in the back garden.
Basic beauty
Bourne mountain dog has three colors: black, white and yellow. The male dog is majestic and the female dog is gentle.
A dog groomer needs to comb through his hair and trim his toenails. Trim the long hair on the foot pad. Don’t pull the foot pad out of the long hair, because it will make the dog limp. Place your feet flat on the desktop, and trim the excess hair around the feet with scissors perpendicular to the desktop to show its tidiness and beauty. Remove all stubble on the head, including eyes, face, jaw and mouth. If sharp edged scissors are used, be extra careful, start gently and check frequently; If you use a large shearing knife, you should also pay attention to avoid leaving a gap at the edge of your mouth. For newborn dogs, it is best to use ordinary scissors. Wash and dry the dog to ensure that the dog does not touch dirt and other dirt before completely drying, especially avoid rolling on the spot due to excitement. About how to dry, you can choose hair dryer or natural air drying; If it is naturally air dried, wrap a small blanket around your dog, and then hold it in the bedroom with fireplace or air conditioner. This drying process takes about 12 hours, sometimes longer. If it is summer, you can sweep out a clean ground and let the Bourne mountain dog lie down. While fully sunbathing, the hair will dry. This is also the fastest natural drying method.

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