Flanders cattle dog: one of the most skilled cattle dogs in Western Europe

Flanders cattle dog, formerly one of the most skilled cattle dogs in Western Europe, is now used as a guide dog, guard dog and search dog. This dog has a coarse coat all over its body. Its origin is the border between France and Belgium. Its name means chasing Flanders cattle in French.


history
Before the 19th century, there were many breeds closely related to shepherds in Belgium. Later, due to the reduction of the need to protect sheep, breeders bred these shepherds to four basic breeds with different colors of fur. Dog fans regarded these breeds as different forms of the same breed. Before the early 20th century, Belgian shepherds were widely used to guard sheep near Belgium. Now it is mainly used in the military and police circles, or by tavern owners to protect themselves. At the same time, it is also deeply loved in family dogs.
In the United States, the following three dogs are regarded as different breeds, namely, Belgian shepherd, black haired, variegated and bristled. However, it has not been recognized in the United States, and the exact origin of Flanders cattle dog is unknown. In 1900, the Flanders were proud of having several breeds of cattle dogs.
The breed made its first public appearance at the International Dog Show in 1910, but the specification of the breed was officially determined in 1912. During the first World War, the dog was responsible for conveying information and looking for wounded officers and soldiers in the army. However, because Belgium and northeastern France were battlefields during the war, many cattle dogs died on the battlefield, and the country was traumatized by the war, the breed was in danger of extinction. In 1920, Flanders cattle dogs were revived because Flanders breeders were committed to breeding.
It is native to Belgium and originated in the 17th century. The origin of ancestors is still unclear, but some excellent species existed on the Flanders plain in the 19th century. Until 1965, three types were preserved and finally incorporated into one standard. The club of this variety was established as early as 1922. The dog is famous for its bravery and loyalty. He participated in the first World War and was used to convey information and find and rescue the wounded. Once used as a cattle dog, guard dog, guard dog and drag dog, it is also often used as a rescue dog or messenger dog.


appearance
Flanders cattle dog is a powerful, compact, short and rough dog. Its main appearance feature is a very significant rough coat. He gives the impression that he is very powerful, but there is no sign of heaviness or clumsiness in the overall structure. He is very flexible, brave and bold, but what he shows is calm and good behavior, showing his stable character, firm will and brave character. His eyes were alert and talented, showing his intelligence, vitality and courage. In the natural environment, he is a gentle and calm dog. It originated as an assistant to cattle dogs and shepherds, such as pulling carts. He is an ideal ranch (farm) dog. The rough double coat can help him resist all kinds of bad weather conditions and enable him to complete most difficult tasks. He is often used as a rescue dog or messenger dog. Modern people find that he is as good as a guard dog or guard dog as a family partner. His physical condition, intellectual characteristics, behavior, combined with his olfactory ability, his intelligence and initiative, make him a good tracking dog and guide dog. The feature described is the ideal Flanders animal husbandry dog. Any deviation from the following description needs to be deducted according to the degree of deviation.
head
The proportion of the head is impressive, especially the beard and moustache. In good proportion to the body and body structure. The expression is bold and alert. The ears are high and wide. The medial angle is in line with the lateral angle of the eye. The eyes are oval, viewed from the side, and the axis is placed horizontally. The eye color of Flanders animal husbandry dog is dark brown, the eye circle color is black, there is no lack of pigment, and the blink membrane is faintly visible. The nose is large, black, very developed, with round edges and open nostrils. The cheeks are flat and inclined, and the lips are dry (without loose skin) and closely fit. The upper and lower jaws are strong and of equal length. The chin is wide, strong and plump, tapering toward the nose, but not as truncated or too sharp.
limb
The limbs are strong, wide and short, and the chest is wide and deep to the elbows. The ribs are deep and well dilated. The first rib is slightly bent, and the other ribs are well expanded and inclined backward to give the chest the correct depth. The front and rear feet are round and compact, neither turning outward nor bending inward; Toes tight, arched; Toenails are black and strong; The foot pad is thick and hard.
Coat
The outer coat is rough and messy; The inner undercoat is fine, soft and dense. The coat can be trimmed slightly to highlight the contour of the body. “Jacket” (the coat on the body) feels rough and dry to the touch, and the hair is messy but not curly. The hair on the head is short, and on the upper part of the back, the hair is particularly dense but still rough. The hair on the ears is thick and hard. The undercoat is fine and dense, and the hair is dense and dense in winter. Hair colors range from camel to black, including salt and pepper, gray and tiger spots.
habit
The Flemish cattle dog is very smart, flexible and brave, but it shows calm and good behavior, indicating its stable character, firm will and brave character. Known for bravery and loyalty. He is alert, and his eyes show intelligence, vitality and courage. In the natural environment, it is a gentle and calm dog. The guard’s instinct is directly reflected in his fearsome appearance, especially his eyebrows, beard and moustache. Its physical condition, intellectual characteristics, behavior, combined with its olfactory ability, intelligence and initiative, make it a good tracking dog and guide dog. Although it looks rough, it is an excellent pet dog. It gets along well with children and can guard its home alert. Personality is not lazy, kind and amiable, willing to accept appropriate training. The dog is as good as a guard dog or guard dog as a family partner.
personality
The Flanders cattle dog has an intelligent, lively and calm personality, and is also extremely brave and loyal. This robust breed gives the impression of being strong but not rough. The purpose of the broken ear Flanders cattle dog is to facilitate work. The United States, Canada and many countries still maintain this habit, but the number of dogs with round ears is gradually increasing. Therefore, it can be determined that the number of dogs with broken ears will continue to decrease in the future.

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